Results of work on the project in 2019


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another year has passed since the launch of the public initiative to create a municipal (local) police in Russia, consider its results

Results of work on the project in 2019
So, another year has passed, and it is time to take stock of some of the results. And since the assessment of the results achieved in the reporting period at us (and not only at us) in the country always starts with figures, I will not violate this glorious tradition. If you analyze the statistics of requests and visits to the main site of the initiative, the figures here have increased slightly compared to last year. But this is not due to the growth of interest in the project, but rather to the improvement of the site 's position in the search results, due to its age and the movement of articles from the closed channel in YandexZen to the main site.
The short statistical report on the site formed by the services of statistics Yandex and Google looks like this:
In the period from November 30, 2018 to November 30, 2019, 2,458 unique visitors visited the site, of which about 500 «refusal» (these are users who switched to the site and immediately left it without viewing anything). About 200 other visitors are search robots and various advertising bots. Thus, the number of real people who purposefully visited the site during this period amounted to about 1,700 people.
Based on the analysis of search queries, it can be assumed that almost half of these visitors are likely students who came to the site looking for reference materials for their educational works. This is indicated by the fact that the most popular of all was the request «Municipal militia of Moscow 90 years». Of the second half of the visitors, most were looking for information about the municipal or state police of other countries.
People who were interested in the municipal police in Russia, judging by statistics for the whole year there were slightly more than 100 people, and those interest was very weak. This is indicated by the average time of stay on the site, it was about 3 minutes, and the average depth of viewing 2 pages. It was quite unexpected that foreign users, both Russian-speaking and Russian-speaking, showed the greatest interest in this issue at the request in English. Here the average stay time has been about 10 minutes, and the depth of viewing is 5 or more pages. The most foreign guests were from the USA, Canada, China, Latvia, Poland and Estonia.
As for the VKontakte initiative group, the situation is even sadder. At the end of last year the group had 207 participants, at the end of this their number was 211, comments here I think unnecessary. The number of active participants decreased very significantly: while last year there were about 20, this year the number of those who gave any signs of activity was only 5.
In order to study public opinion, the data on the initiative were posted on two quite large information platforms - Strategy 24 and Strategy of Development of the Nizhny Novgorod Region (hereinafter SRNO), the result: both there and there the initiative went unnoticed. There are unfortunately no open statistics of views on these sites, so it is impossible to estimate how many people have viewed the initiative, so I come exclusively from available estimates. On the website of SRNO the initiative was posted for more than a year, in total there were 5 estimates: 3 positive, 2 negative, there were no comments, for expert consideration the draft was not submitted. On the website of Strategy 24 the project was about six months, received 2 positive assessments, there were no comments, for expert consideration the project was also not submitted. Considering that links are allowed on the website of the Strategy 24 in the posted materials, based on the data of the metric on tracking of sources of transitions, all of them were 25, of which people made only 19, the average time of stay on the website was about 2 minutes, the average depth of viewing 3 page.
In addition, several times this year, various groups of social networks have posted a topic on the initiative to establish a municipal police force in our country. A polling poll was attached to the topic, and members of the community were invited to comment on the matter. Communities where surveys were conducted were specially chosen so that they had nothing to do with police topics, but covered as many social groups of society as possible. To the question «How do you feel that in Russia local authorities will be given the right to establish a municipal police force?» the statistics of answers in all cases (and such surveys during the year were conducted 6) were approximately the same, here are the average indicators:
«For» - 8%
«Against» - 74%
«I don 't care» - 18%.
After a survey about the attitude, the following was created, where participants were asked to comment on their choice.
Most of those who voted against explained their choice by the fact that in their opinion the establishment of the municipal police is the transfer of existing territorial police units from the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation to the administration of the municipality. At the same time transfer of all services in full strength, including criminal investigation department, inquiry and the investigation. To clarification questions about where they took it, the most common answer was «Somewhere I heard, on TV it seemed to say, on the Internet I read similar statements».
In addition to the topics specifically created in social media communities, publications in the media on the topic of municipal police were also analysed. There were few such publications for the current year, but all of them were. In addition, it was not the materials themselves that were of interest, but the readers 'comments on these articles. Based on the content of these statements, it seems that 90% of those who commented on these publications have no idea at all what the municipal police are or what tasks it performs.
Most of those who voted Yes or neutral were just much better at understanding the issue, at least correctly understanding the meaning of the term «municipal police». Many also cited positive examples of similar services in other countries, most often referring to popular tourist destinations such as the Czech Republic, Italy and Spain.

Conclusion:
Compared to the previous year, the situation as a whole has not changed, and at the moment the main result remains the same: the initiative neither had nor has support, neither public nor state. Given this circumstance, it can be concluded that in the coming years the project has no prospects for implementation, even in the form of an experiment. There are several reasons for this:
1. Lack of interest in the project from federal legislative and executive bodies, as well as local self-government. Although, perhaps, it will be more correct to say this: the interest of some structures that the project would not have the prospect of further development. For the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation it is important to maintain its monopoly position, it coincides with the interests of officials from local self-government, who do not want (and may be afraid) to assume responsibility (albeit partial) for the state of public order in their municipalities. After all, it is much more convenient instead of solving the problem, to shift responsibility for the state of public security to the federal ministry, and then looking in the eyes of the residents of the city to spread their hands in thought - «Well, what can I do?».
2. There is no public demand for such a project, although it is not fully clear. According to public opinion studies, crime for the population of our country is not among the main fears and public stimuli. Although it is possible that this issue has simply not been studied in detail for a long time. On the sites of «ВЦИОМ» and «Levada Centre» (the largest Russian public opinion centres), all studies related to crime and citizen safety carried out over the past 5 years are related either to certain types of crimes (mainly corruption and official crimes) or to crimes against certain groups of the population (e.g. children or women). On the one hand, it can suggest that there are no security problems in our country, the police work effectively, citizens feel protected. However, according to the results of the studies posted on the official website of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation, a completely different picture is painted:

This screen shot is taken from the official website of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation.
And contains information on the study of public opinion of citizens of Russia on the activities of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia and the level of confidence in the police for the period 2016, 2017 and 2018.
Translation of table values specified in snapshot:


name of a question:
Generally speaking, do you feel protected from criminal attacks on your life, health, property and other values?
result (percentage of respondents who responded positively): 2016 - 38,4%, 2017 - 38%, 2018 - 42,2%.

name of a question:
Generally speaking, do you trust the internal affairs authorities in the protection of your personal and property interests?
result (percentage of respondents who responded positively): 2016 - 39,1%, 2017 - 38,3%, 2018 - 39,4%.

name of a question:
How effective do you think the activities of the internal affairs agencies to protect your personal and property interests are in general?
result (percentage of respondents who responded positively): 2016 - 36,7%, 2017 - 35,3%, 2018 - 38,2%.

name of a question:
Do you feel protected from criminal attacks on your life, health, property and other values at railway, water and air transport facilities?
result (percentage of respondents who responded positively): 2016 - 37,8%, 2017 - 36,9%, 2018 - 41,9%.


Based on the statistics given, the highest figure is just over 42%, which means that the majority of the population of the country police do not trust and do not feel protected. That 's the paradox that turns out.
Also one of the main reasons, in my opinion, is the existing in our country «Public pathology», as I call this phenomenon. In short, it is as follows: our society is not against legality, but only if this very legality is selective and built on the principle of «Laws are binding for all but me and my loved ones». Sadly, it is on this philosophy that most of the population of our country builds its relations with the law. Therefore, the creation of a police service whose tasks are based on the implementation of the Zero Tolerance Strategy will be perceived negatively, even rather hostile, by this very majority. Really assessing public sentiment, one can make a disappointing conclusion that in the coming years the world view of our citizens on this issue will not change.
On the basis of the above, it is safe to say that the project will not receive support in the coming years, not from the State, not from society. Each of the parties has its own reasons for this, I have already written about them above, accordingly there is no prospect of practical implementation of the initiative in our country in the next decade.
Thank you very much to all who during this year helped to work on the initiative. A lot has been done thanks to your friends, your edits, comments, letters and assessments.
Despite all the difficulties, the work on the initiative will continue, because as the great Leonardo da Vinci said - «Any obstacle is overcome by perseverance». So we 'll overcome.



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ATTENTION
the text is translated by means of technical means of the translation
original language of the text – Russian
some words and phrases can be translated not correctly and not correspond to original sense


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