Public initiative, questions and answers


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in this series of articles we will sort a little most often repeating questions connected with an initiative which come to mail, private messages also are set in comments

It is created from two separate articles
which were for the first time published
on February 22-23, 2018 on Yandex channel. Zen

Public initiative, questions and answers

In this series of articles we will sort a little most often repeating questions connected with an initiative which come to mail, private messages also are set in comments.

Question: Why again to create municipal police if similar experience already was and it ended unsuccessfully?
Answer: in Russia the municipal police, in the correct understanding of this word never existed. What in the early nineties in some cities was created the last century was called "Municipal militia", actually it was not. These divisions though were called municipal, but upon local governments they were only financed, the management, these divisions reserved the Ministry of Internal Affairs.
The matter is that divisions of "municipal militia" were created as a part of city or regional Main Departments of Internal Affairs, and these managements in turn completely submitted to the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation.
The last experiment, on creation in 10 regions of Russia of "Municipal militia" was conducted in 1999 according to the Decree of President No. 1115 of 17.09.1998. This experiment initially had very formal character, considering that divisions of municipal militia were created, I quote - "in structure of militia of public safety of Territorial Departments of internal affairs …". Respectively they kept the status of structural divisions of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation.
In reality in our country some time there was only a sign "Municipal Militia", actually municipal militia (police) in Russia was not yet.
But the question demands more detailed trial, to the answer to it we will light separate article in the nearest future.

Question: And if nothing turns out then what, taxpayers money will be spent in vain?
Answer: Well if all the time to be guided by the principle that conceived can not turn out, then nothing is simpler in general and to do never. In that case development of a human civilization would stop at the level of the Stone Age.
The risk of failure is present always, but in this case, by preparation of an initiative we tried to minimize possible risk.
It is as follows – Article 42 of the draft federal law "About Municipal Police in the Russian Federation" provides that at first the experiment will be made. It will be carried out in several cities of Russia, within three years.
Under the terms of an experiment it have to be three cities, regional or regional the center, located in three different federal districts: Ural, Central and Southern.
Also the cities have to differ in population: the first from 250 to 400 thousand inhabitants, the second from 450 to 600 thousand and the third from 650 to 800 thousand.
The cities are defined by the Decree of the President of Russia and the Federal Law "About Municipal Police in the Russian Federation" acts on their territory within three years. Divisions of municipal police are formed and get to work. In three years their activity can be subjected to preliminary estimate.
Only residents of the cities have to give a mark of activity of municipal police where the experiment will be made. Without involvement of sociologists or various funds of studying of public opinion. Only by a direct vote of citizens.
At us constantly there take place federal or regional elections, here during these elections, and it is necessary to find out opinion of citizens. For this purpose together with ballots it is necessary to give one more, with estimated positions that inhabitants answered a question of results of last experiment and expediency of activity of municipal police in the future. It will be the most objective of all possible estimates.
If the experiment is successful, then in three years so far it will be conducted the regulatory framework will be finished, necessary experience is acquired, the majority of the revealed legal barriers and gaps is eliminated.

Question: In what pluses of creation of municipal police for police officers of Russia?
Answer: Let's sort on an example which is well familiar to many police officers - it is protection of public order when holding mass actions.
Situation in this direction to put it mildly difficult. If, for example the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Moscow, St. Petersburg and several more cities with the population more than one million inhabitants have operating police units on protection of public order when holding mass actions, then the cities less, alas, cannot brag of it.
I cannot tell, the situation in other cities how exactly is though I believe a situation not strongly differs, here a situation on the example of the cities of Surgut, KhMAO-Yugra. Any social and political, cultural and mass, religious and sporting events with mass stay of citizens are held much. Most of them pass in days off and holidays. There is no operating unit of police on ensuring public order on holding mass actions in Surgut. Therefore this task is shifted to district police officers, inspectors of PDN, employees of insulators, convoy divisions, the back, communication, shots. When holding more large-scale actions vacationers of change of front divisions lift.
Though majority of these actions not of federal, but local value. They are held on an initiative or in coordination with local authorities. But because at city administration of the forces for providing law and order when holding such actions is not present, the order is provided by the staff of territorial division of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation.
Respectively in the presence of municipal police this problem mostly will be solved because the problem of safety on the majority of such actions will be solved in full by municipal police at the expense of own forces.
Thus, creation of municipal police if does not save completely, then in large part will unload police officers of Russia regarding protection of public order when holding mass actions.
This certainly not only direction where existence of municipal police is capable to provide substantial assistance to bodies of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation.
We yet not once will return to this question in the following articles.

ATTENTION
the text is translated by means of technical means of the translation
original language of the text – Russian
some words and phrases can be translated not correctly and not correspond to original sense

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