Municipal police in Poland - Straż miejska

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in this article we will tell about activity of municipal police in Poland, its functions, tasks, powers and features

article was for the first time published
on February 27, 2018 on Yandex Dzen channel

Municipal police in Poland - Straż miejska
what in translation from Polish means – the City guards, also meet the name of a Straż gminna - Municipal guard. Historically municipal police developed from city guards, its name is connected with it.
In Poland the municipal police appeared in 1997 with adoption of the relevant law which gave local authorities the right to create own forces of ensuring public order and public safety. The municipal police was created partially as "counterbalance" of national (state) police, and partially to guarantee that needs of local communities won't be ignored by the central government of Poland.
In difference for example from the same Serbia where the number of staff of municipal police is rigidly tied to population, in Poland it is simpler and simpler, the municipality employs so many police officers how much the budget allows it. Thanks to lack of such restrictions in Poland bodies of municipal police are even in small settlements, for example, there are divisions of municipal police with the number of staff less than 10 employees.

the main functionality of service of municipal police of Poland in general does not differ from functions of similar divisions in other countries which we considered in the previous articles (Czech Republic, Latvia).
However the difference is. Besides the main functionality regarding ensuring public order and control at the local level, rescue divisions also are a part of municipal police of a number of the Polish cities. Also municipal police can render paid services of private protection in Poland. Also local governments have legitimate right to use the police for protection and maintenance of municipal property.

According to the Polish legislation, the main objective of municipal police is prevention and suppression of offenses mainly regarding the local legislation and traffic safety.
However in addition to the usual police tasks assigned to municipal police in Poland there are also very specific, for example such:
- control of residents of the having domestic animals regarding implementation of requirements for their compulsory vaccination;
- control for observance of rules of visits of the wood, prevention and suppression of illegal actions which can cause damage to forestry;
- control of work of municipal services, owners and administrators of real estate objects regarding high-quality cleaning of snow and ice from streets, roads and sidewalks;
- activity in the field of control and catching of homeless animals.
In some cities there are departments or certain employees of municipal police the main objective for which is providing and control of safety of schools.

Staff of municipal police of Poland is given the main police authority regarding prevention and control of offenses and administrative offenses. They have the right to check documents, to demand the offense termination, to bring small violators to the site or to write out a penalty on the place, to evacuate motor transport for violation of the rules of the parking.
Municipal police officers transfer persons of the crimes suspected of commission to the staff of national (state) police.
Powers to carry out arrests and other investigative actions at municipal police is not present.

Staff of municipal police in Poland is dressed in a uniform similar to a form national (the state police), but with the distinctive sign, околыш peak-caps of the municipal police officer has a chess coloring.
Employees have the right for carrying and use of special means: rubber sticks, handcuffs, tear gas and electroconvulsive devices.
With weapon at municipal police officers in Poland another story. Upon they on arms have firearms, but only those employees who are involved in protection of municipal property or maintenance of values can receive it on service. The same employees who just patrol streets have no office weapon.
Such here interesting arrangement of priorities that weapon can be used for protection of property, and here for protection of citizens and police officers is impossible.

It is a little photo about work of municipal police officers in Poland and also the small video

the text is translated by means of technical means of the translation
original language of the text – Russian
some words and phrases can be translated not correctly and not correspond to original sense

As the municipal police in Poland works

photos are taken from open sources, all rights for a photo belong to their owners

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