Municipal police of Latvia - Pašvaldības policija


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we will consider on the example of municipal police of the city of Riga – Rīgas Pašvaldības Policija, creation history, formation stages, the main objectives, functions, competence and powers

Municipal police of the city of Riga – Rīgas Pašvaldības Policija

Municipal police of Latvia - Pašvaldības policija
the first divisions of municipal (local) police appeared in Latvia at the end of September, 1990 when formally it still there was a territory of the Latvian SSR. Then in the suburb of the capital of the republic of the city of Riga, formation of the first municipal (local) police divisions which weren't a part of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the USSR began.
Later in Riga the largest and most effective division of municipal police in the territory of Latvia was created, and I suggest to consider it as an example.

Municipal police of the city of Riga – Rīgas Pašvaldības Policija
On September 26, 1990, actually Riga City Council is considered date of foundation of the Riga municipal police, however, I founded uniform city police only in 1995. Further the service passed many stages of the formation, its structure joined new structural divisions, the functionality was complemented, new tasks were set.
Here chronology of the main stages of formation of municipal police of Righi:
- 1996 the structure included Service of rescue;
- 1999 the structure included Service of civil protection;
- 2002 in structure is created Department of traffic police;
- 2003 the structure included Security service (provides protection of objects of municipal authorities);
- 2005 is transferred to structure the City center of video surveillance;
- 2006 in structure is created Department of prevention of children's crimes;
- 2009 in structure Department of tourist police;
- 2013 in structure is created Department of special tasks.
Today Rīgas Pašvaldības Policija (in further RPP) is rather large structural division of the Riga City Council. She to treat so-called – to Institutions of the special status of local governments and acts on the administrative territory of the city of Riga. It is possible to tell with confidence that now RPP is a full-fledged, multipurpose element of local governments on maintenance of public order which held a firm place in the system of other law enforcement agencies of Latvia.
The main issues of activity are regulated by the law of the Republic of Latvia «About Police» which though allocates the staff of municipal police in separate category (Article 2.1), but upon equalizes them in the rights with the staff of the state police of Latvia, regarding use of force, weapon and coercive measures.
RPP represents the uniform structure with a vertical control system consisting of management personnel, six territorial city divisions and four specialized services. The number of staff of RPP is a little more than one thousand employees today.
The municipal police of Righi carries out a wide range of police tasks, beginning from patrol of city streets, prevention and control of offenses and administrative offenses (including in the area of traffic safety), finishing with ensuring public order when holding mass actions and suppression of mass riots.
As well as any local police service RPP is aimed first of all at control of observance of the local legislation, regarding the rules and restrictions established by the Riga City Council.
Most of employees of municipal police of the city of Riga are field officers. They serve on streets and in other public places, on municipal roads. Their main objective is an ensuring public order on routes of patrol and rapid response to messages about incidents. Squads of patrol force serve in a pedestrian order, on official cars and bicycles. Operational management of RPP squads and their interaction with bodies of the state police are carried out by own control room.

Main objectives and functions of municipal police of the city of Riga:
- prevention of crimes;
- control of observance of municipal normative legal acts, administrative prosecution of the persons which violated them drawing up protocols on violation and control of collecting administrative penalties from these faces;
- protection and escort of persons, detainees and arrested for administrative offenses;
- rendering assistance of the state police and to other law enforcement agencies of Latvia in ensuring public safety and fight against crime.

The competence of municipal police defined in the Code of administrative offenses of Latvia:
- control of observance of restrictions of smoking;
- control and regulation of the movement of small size vessels in the water area of the city of Riga;
- control of activity of taxi services;
- separate traffic offenses, control of stops and conditions of the parking, the forced movement of vehicles (evacuation);
- control of observance of rules of retail trade, requirements to marking, movement of goods and other rules and restrictions set by the local legislation;
- prevention and suppression of offenses among minors and consumption of alcoholic beverages by them;
- control of observance of the rules set by the law of restrictions in the sphere of prostitution (in Latvia prostitution is legal and is regulated by the special law);
- control of a turn and observance of rules of use of pyrotechnic products;
- control of a passport system and registration of persons at the place of residence.

Besides these tasks, the Riga city police within the competence carries out:
- safety and public order in educational institutions of Righi;
- account and prevention of offenses among minors and control of dysfunctional families with children;
- rescue efforts in areas of bathing of the water area of Riga;
- control of observance of rules of the parking of cars, their evacuation (in the cases provided by the Law on traffic and other legal acts of the Government of Latvia or Righi's self-government);
- control of the movement of vehicles in especially protected natural territories of the city of Riga;
- video surveillance in public places of the city;
- actions for civil defense and emergency situations;
- performance of judgments on application of coercive measures concerning children;
- ensuring public order together with the state police and to other law enforcement agencies of Latvia during actions with mass stay of citizens.

Powers of RPP
Staff of the Riga municipal police is allocated with almost full range of police powers necessary for prevention and control of offenses and administrative offenses and also rapid response to messages about incidents.
Staff of RPP has rights for application for use of physical force, special means and firearms. The extensive list of special means, such rubber sticks, handcuffs, tear gas, electroconvulsive devices is adopted by municipal police officers. As office firearms the Austrian semi-automatic Glock 17 gun which well proved in police of many countries is mainly used.
The RPP official cars have the police coloring established by the law and are equipped with special light-sound signals. According to the law, in cases of rapid response to messages about incidents, police RPP transport has rights of primary journey.

Conclusion
In my opinion, in Latvia the experiment on creation of municipal police was the most successful, and Rīgas Pašvaldības Policija can call surely the best sample of local police service, not only in Latvia, but also among all countries of the former USSR where there are similar services. I consider that experience of Latvia regarding creation of municipal (local) forces of protection of law and order should be studied in more detail and to take as a basis when developing model of local police service for Russia.

article for the first time was published on February 23, 2018 on Yandex channel. Zen
in connection with closing of the channel it is postponed for the website on March 27, 2019
the last change is made on July 03, 2019



It is a little photo about work of staff of municipal police of the city of Riga
(all photos are clickable, press the image for increase)

The squad of municipal police on the boat patrols the water area of the city of Riga The patrol of the Riga municipal police goes to awake the violator who fell asleep on a lawn The squad of Rescue service of municipal police of Righi ensures safety on the beach Control room of municipal police of the city of Riga

Staff of RPP carry out personal inspection of the violator The squad of RPP patrols the yards Special forces detachment Rīgas Pašvaldības Policija RPP - bringing of the violator in police station

photos are taken from the official RPP page in Facebook



In more detail with work of municipal police officers of Riga
you can examine in the presented videos: (video in Russian)


RPP raid
Night patrol of RPP
RPP in the dangerous area
The squad of RPP detains drunk violators
Office training of staff of municipal police of the city of Riga
RPP - Safety at any level




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ATTENTION
the text is translated by means of technical means of the translation
original language of the text – Russian
some words and phrases can be translated not correctly and not correspond to original sense


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