Municipal police in Italy - Polizia Municipale (Locale)

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in this article we will tell about activity of municipal police in Italy, its functions, tasks, powers and features

article was for the first time published
on April 10, 2018 on Yandex channel. Zen

Municipal police in Italy - Polizia Municipale
the name of Polizia Locale, is also often used that in translation means – local.
The modern history of municipal police of Italy originates in 1986 when the law on the right of local authorities for creation in municipalities of own police services was adopted.
If to compare to other countries of Western and Eastern Europe, then the municipal police of Italy has the most interesting and the system of the organization unique in own way.
Let's begin with the fact that in Italy the municipal (local) police exists in three types, it:
Polizia Municipale is the municipal police existing in the large and average cities of Italy and operating in borders of municipalities;
Polizia provinciale is provincial police, in option, more clear for Russia, it is police of edge, area or autonomous area. Natural supervision and also fight against poaching also belongs to its maintaining;
Polizia Rurale is rural police, acts mainly on the territory of Sardinia.

In Italy the majority of the main police functions regarding ensuring public order and safety is assigned to municipal police. But it is organized in such a way that divisions of local police are auxiliary forces for the state police of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Italy.
Bodies of municipal police do not possess functions of carrying out prompt or investigative actions, their main objective is patrol service on streets and in other public places and also control of observance of traffic regulations on municipal or provincial (regional) roads.
Administrative and other small offenses, municipal police because the majority of such violations belong to jurisdiction of local authorities is engaged first of all.
The matter is that the local analog of the Code of Administrative Offences also works in each province besides state. Respectively that paramount task for municipal police is control of observance of local laws in all areas of life. It is connected also with the fact that penalties for violation of local laws come to the local budget from which pay police officers salary.
Despite such division, the staff of municipal police on an equal basis with the state police officers patrols streets, leaves on calls and other messages about incidents, provides order when carrying out holidays, is sports, politically and other actions with mass we stay citizens. Assist the staff of divisions of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Italy in detention of criminals and illegal migrants. Also on them control of observance by drivers of traffic regulations is imposed.
In spite of the fact that under the law the staff of divisions of municipal police of the cities and provinces of Italy has the right for carrying and use of firearms and also special means, not all divisions of municipal police are armed.
The matter is that the decision to arm or not the police are in competence of local authorities and they make the decision to have or not to them this right. Usually in the large cities and provinces municipal police officers are armed, in small and quieter areas, only the state police have weapon.
There is no uniform dress code in municipal police of Italy, the regimentals of local police officers differ depending on the city or the province.
Similar situation and with coloring of official cars. However at the same time office vehicle fleet of municipal police has the status of special transport with the right of primary journey, and cars are equipped with special signals.
One more interesting feature, in the different cities and provinces municipal police can have different names, for example the municipal police of the capital of Italy of the city of Rome is called - Polizia di Roma Capitale.

It is a little photo about work of municipal police officers in Italy

the text is translated by means of technical means of the translation
original language of the text – Russian
some words and phrases can be translated not correctly and not correspond to original sense

photos are taken from open sources, all rights for a photo belong to their owners

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