The explanatory note to the draft federal law - About municipal police in the Russian Federation


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the bill purpose, its relevance and the practical importance, circle of people, condition of the legislation in this sphere, basic provisions, the forecast of possible social and economic and other consequences

Explanatory note
to the Federal Law draft
«About municipal police in the Russian Federation»

1. Bill purpose:

To give an opportunity to local government bodies of municipal units, as realization of the right affirmed by Article 132 of the Constitution of the Russian Federation to take practical measures for ensuring public order and public safety of citizens, by creation as a part of administrations of municipal units of the divisions of municipal police which are directly subordinated to heads of these administrations and contained at the expense of means of local budgets.

2. Relevance and practical importance of the bill:

According to monitoring of the public trust to police which is carried out by the All-Russian Research Institute of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation only to 8 of 85 territorial subjects of the federation level of credibility of citizens to police exceeds 50%, the indicator of such trust, average across Russia, is less than 40% (a source: the official site of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation - "Results of social research of the All-Russian Research Institute of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation"). In recent years the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation already made reduction of the number of staff twice and with a high share of probability in the next years these processes will be continued.
However at the same time load of police only increases. According to statistics published on the official site of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation from 2012 for 2017 the number of appeals of citizens to law-enforcement bodies increased more than by 20%, at the same time the number of messages on which criminal cases were brought averages about 6.5% of total number. It means that the main part of addresses does not demand carrying out investigative actions or investigation and search operations, it demands quick response, without having allowed it to pass trials in incident on the place and knocking over of the conflict into a crime stage. This task is carried out by mainly front divisions of the Ministry of Internal Affairs and FSVNG of Russia, such as security guard and patrol service of police, traffic police of traffic police and private security of the National Guard of the Russian Federation (further - front divisions).
In addition the number of actions with mass stay of citizens, cultural, sports, political public order during which carrying out also in the main part to lay down on the staff of front divisions of law enforcement agencies grows.
The number of staff of front divisions for the last 6 years did not increase and in the next years of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation does not plan increase in their number of staff because of budget deficit.
Thus considering the loading growing on front divisions, the situation with ensuring public order and public safety will only worsen. Consequences of this situation can already be seen, according to the statistical reports uploaded to the official site by the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation in 2015, the crime amount made on streets and in other public places increased more than by 10%.
Creation by local government bodies of the divisions of municipal police allocated with a part of the state powers financed by means of the local budget and which are under expeditious supervision of administration of municipal units will be able to resolve this problem substantially.
Effective use of forces and means of divisions of municipal police will be able:
- to considerably increase density of police patrols on streets and in other public places;
- to considerably increase the speed of response of police to addresses of citizens;
- to considerably increase possibilities of control centers of dresses at disclosure of crimes "without delay";
- to allow local government bodies to provide independently public order when carrying out the majority of actions with mass stay of citizens, thereby seriously to unload territorial divisions of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation which are forced to distract for this purpose significant forces and means now;
- to provide the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation existence of the operating, prepared, armed, mobile reserve of forces and funds for a case of emergence of emergency situation and introduction of the mode of anti-terrorist operation.
In addition creation of divisions of municipal police will allow to use more effectively budget funds of the municipal units allocated under the article of the budget "Prevention of Offences and Extremism". Now the considerable share of these means is spent for creation and ensuring activity of various public formations of law-enforcement orientation (voluntary national teams, civil patrols, etc.). However upon all these “police substitutes" do not influence ensuring public order and public safety in any way. These formations have practically no legal powers even against small offenders, and in situations of collision with aggressive groups or the armed offenders such "combatants" rather will become the victims of criminals, than will protect from them other citizens.
"About municipal police in the Russian Federation" Federal law No. 3-FZ of 07.02.2011 formed a basis of the Federal Law draft. "About police". For municipal police duties, powers and the rights regarding ensuring public order and public safety on streets and in other public places, rapid response to messages and the address of citizens about crimes and administrative offenses, their suppression, bringing of persons them made in law-enforcement bodies are kept. Ensuring public order and public safety when holding mass actions of various character, rendering assistance of police and to other law enforcement agencies in search of suspects, the faces of missing persons, a stolen property and transport.
At the same time for municipal police powers on implementation of inquiry and the investigation, implementation of a part of investigation and search operations, checks of the entrepreneurial and other activity carried by the law to the sphere of responsibility of law-enforcement bodies, expert and criminalistic activity, license and allowing work, administrative supervision, security and convoy service, detention and a number of other tasks and functions assigned to the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation are not provided.
Actually in the offered Federal Law draft duties and powers provided for security guard and patrol service of police with a part of functions of traffic police of traffic police of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation (identification and suppression of administrative offenses including through traffic regulations) and private security of FSVNG of Russia (protection of office buildings and service premises of local government bodies) are assigned to municipal police.
The municipal police in the bill is considered as a component of structure of local administration which directly submits to the head of the municipality. It will provide due arrangement of priorities for municipal police in questions of ensuring public order and public safety taking into account opinions and requirements of residents of the municipal unit. The chief of municipal police is appointed to a position and exempted from it by the head of administration of the municipal unit.
Staff of municipal police has to belong to the special category of local government officers (the amendment to the Federal law "About Municipal Service in the Russian Federation" of 02.03.2007 N 25-FZ) of the state powers allocated with a part. It does not contradict the legislation as it is regulated by Part 2 of Article 132 of the Constitution of the Russian Federation. As performance of the tasks of ensuring public order and public safety assigned to municipal police assumes application of a number of the state powers, such as use of weapons, physical force and special means, temporary restrictions in the rights, compulsory bringing and other coercive measures, the main part of questions of the organization and activity of municipal police has to be regulated by the federal law. In addition, for creation of a format of municipal police, uniform for all Russia, a number of questions on the organization and activity of municipal police are referred to competence of the Government of the Russian Federation.

3. A condition of the legislation in this sphere of legal regulation:

Now questions of the organization and activity of divisions of municipal police of local government bodies of municipal units are not adjusted by the legislation of the Russian Federation.
At the same time, Article 132 of the Constitution of the Russian Federation and Article 16 of Federal law No. 131-FZ "About the general principles of the organization of local self-government in the Russian Federation" of 06.10.2003 assume investment of local government bodies with such right. However Paragraph 9 of Part 1 of Article 16 of Federal law No. 131-FZ "About the general principles of the organization of local self-government in the Russian Federation" according to Article 83 of the same law – "comes into force in the terms established by the federal law defining an order of the organization and activity of municipal militia" (militias - the outdated name existing at the time of adoption of the Federal Law).
From the moment of adoption of Federal law No. 131-FZ "About the general principles of the organization of local self-government in the Russian Federation" and till present the federal law the defining order of the organization and activity of municipal police is not accepted, according to Paragraph 9 of Part 1 of Article 16 of the above-stated law is not put into operation.

4. A circle of people to whom operation of the bill is directed:

- citizens of Russia of all age and social groups;
- staff of bodies of local self-government of municipal units;
- police officers and Federal service of the National Guard Troops of Russia.

5. Basic provisions of the bill:

The bill consists of 11 chapters uniting 42 articles.
In Chapter 1 of the bill "General provisions"
the norms opening a conceptual framework, a concept of municipal police, its appointment, functions and legal bases of activity are explained.
Municipal ensuring public order and public safety is recognized borders of the respective municipal unit as basic purpose.
Taking into account called, the bill defines seven main activities of municipal police specified in Article 2 of the bill:
1) protection of the personality and society against illegal encroachments;
2) prevention and control of offenses and administrative offenses;
3) identification and disclosure of crimes;
4) search of persons;
6) providing law and order in public places;
7) traffic safety;
The bill also provides that divisions of municipal police if necessary can carry out tasks of ensuring protection of objects of municipal property. In addition tasks of ensuring realization and control over the implementation of decisions of local governments in the field of ensuring public order and public safety are assigned to municipal police.
In Chapter 2 of the bill "Principles of Activity of Municipal Police"
content of the principles of activity of municipal police is disclosed
In the bill by analogy with police of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation are recognized as the basic principles of activity of municipal police:
- observance and respect of the rights and freedoms of the person and citizen;
- legality;
- impartiality;
- openness and publicity;
- public trust and support of citizens;
- interaction and cooperation;
- use of modern technologies and information systems.
In Chapter 3 of the bill "Duties and Rights of Municipal Police"
the rights of staff of municipal police and duties assigned to them are explained.
The bill assigns to municipal police of an obligation for reception, messages about crimes, administrative offenses and incidents in the territory of the municipal unit, to rapid response to these signals within competence of municipal police. At the same time obligations for registration, permission and adoption of proceeding decisions on these messages are not assigned to municipal police, this duty remains behind police of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation and other authorized bodies of internal affairs. Also the bill assigns to municipal police of an obligation for ensuring public order on streets and other public places, prevention, and administrative offenses when their structure or intentions of the persons planning their commission are obvious to identification and control of offenses. To assistance to the persons affected by crimes, administrative offenses and accidents and also the persons which are down and out or in the state dangerous to their life and health if the specialized help cannot be received by them in due time or is absent.
Together with local governments, representatives of public authorities of executive power and other law enforcement agencies to ensure public order and public safety when holding actions (public, political, sports, cultural, etc.) with mass stay of citizens and also during elections and the electoral companies.
In addition assistance to divisions of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation and to other law enforcement agencies in implementation of their duties is imputed obligations of municipal police. When determining the rights of municipal police authors of the bill proceeded from the tasks and duties assigned to municipal police for performance whom the staff of municipal police has to be given the relevant rights and authority.
Article 13 of the bill establishes the following basic rights for the staff of municipal police:
- rapid response to messages of citizens about crimes, administrative offenses, emergency situations and other incidents;
- suppression, including with use of coercive measures, crimes and administrative offenses;
- presentation to citizens of requirements about the termination of illegal acts and appropriate behavior;
- verification of documents proving the identity and other documents in the cases determined by the law at identification during such checks of the persons who are wanted their bringing in law-enforcement bodies or other institutions;
- control of respect for public order on streets and in other public places, including when holding actions with mass stay of citizens;
- bringing of citizens, including compulsory in the cases provided by the law to premises of law-enforcement bodies for trial and adoption of the proceeding decision;
- fixation and documenting of the elicited facts of administrative offenses for the subsequent transfer to law-enforcement bodies or other authorized public authorities;
- rendering assistance to law-enforcement bodies and other authorized public authorities of executive power in implementation of tasks of emergency response of various character, to maintenance of emergency rules and counter-terrorist operation in the territory of service.
Also municipal police is granted the rights for holding preventive actions within its competence, development and entering into local governments of suggestions for improvement of a criminogenic situation in the territory of service and to strengthening of protection of citizens and the organizations from criminal encroachments.
At the same time the municipal police has no powers on implementation of inquiry and the investigation, carrying out a part of investigation and search operations, checks of business activity, implementation of expert and criminalistic activity. In addition the municipal police has no rights of adoption of proceeding decisions and decisions on cases of administrative offenses, to detain and hold in custody the faces of suspects and the crimes accused of commission and administrative offenses.
In more detail the rights of municipal police in comparison with the rights of police of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation are stated in annex No. 1 to the present Explanatory note (The comparative table of the rights and powers of municipal police and police of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation).
In Chapter 4 of the bill "Application of Separate Measures of the State Coercion by Municipal Police"
the rights of staff of municipal police for application in the cases established by the law and only for performance of the duties of separate measures of the state coercion assigned to municipal police are explained.
Article 14 of the bill establishes to municipal police the right - temporarily for the term of no more than two hours to limit freedom and to bring to law-enforcement bodies, including forcibly persons concerning whom sufficient reasons to believe are had that they are involved in commission of crimes or administrative offenses at the same time adoption of the proceeding decision concerning the brought persons and their actions remains in competence of police of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation.
Article 15 of the bill establishes to municipal police the right - to enter (to get) into inhabited and other rooms, on the land plots and territories only in the cases and an order provided by the law. Treat such cases:
- for rescue of life of citizens and (or) their property, safety of citizens or public safety at mass riots and emergency situations;
- for detention of persons, crime suspects;
- for crime suppression.
Also article establishes the exhaustive list of the bases for such penetration and the operations procedure of staff of municipal police directed to minimization of possible damage from such actions.
In addition in article the duties assigned to the employee of municipal police connected with use of these measures are specified.
Article 16 of the bill establishes to municipal police the right to carry out in the cases provided by the law and is exclusive for performance of the duties assigned to municipal police - a cordon (blocking) of sites of the area, premises, buildings and other objects. The bill provides application of similar measures by municipal police in the following cases:
- at mitigation of consequences of accidents, accidents of natural and technogenic character and other emergency situations, when holding quarantine actions during epidemics and (or) an epizooty;
- when holding actions for prevention and suppression of the mass riots and other actions violating the rights and freedoms of citizens, traffic, operation of means of communication and the organizations;
- at search of the persons who made escape from custody and the persons evading from serving of criminal penalty;
- at prosecution of persons, crime suspects;
- when carrying out counter-terrorist operation if divisions of municipal police are involved in its carrying out on the basis of the order of authorized public authority of management of the counter-terrorist operation mode in the territory of the municipal unit served by division of municipal police;
- at verification of data on detection of explosives or explosive devices or toxic or radioactive materials.
Also in article the duties assigned to the employee of municipal police connected with use of these measures are specified.
Article 17 of the bill establishes to municipal police the right for performance of the duties assigned to it to carry out use of information from databanks on citizens. This article establishes for municipal police a possibility of use in daily activity of information on citizens, the stolen property and transport which is contained in specialized databanks of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation. At the same time, the municipal police has no rights of creation of databanks, storages and processings of similar information. The order of access for staff of municipal police to information from databanks of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation is established by the joint order of heads of territorial divisions of municipal police and the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation.
In Chapter 5 of the bill "Use of Physical Force, Special Means and Firearms"
the order of application and use by the staff of municipal police of physical force, special means and firearms is explained.
The order established by the head is completely identical to the order provided by Federal law No. 3-FZ of 07.02.2011. "About police" for police officers of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation, except for application of a part of special means which do not consist on arms of municipal police, such as: water-cannons, destructive agencies of barriers, armored cars, the office animals special the painting and marking means, means of a compulsory stop of transport.
In Chapter 6 of the bill "Legal Status of the Employee of Municipal Police"
definition of a legal status – the Employee of municipal police is explained. He to belong to the special category of municipal employees (will demand introduction of amendments to the Federal law "About Municipal Service in the Russian Federation" of 02.03.2007 No. 25-FZ) the state powers allocated with a row, the special rights, guarantees of legal protection and having not cool ranks, but special ranks of municipal police. In addition the special restrictions connected with service and responsibility for their violation work for the staff of municipal police.
Article 25 of the bill - contains the general determination of the status of the employee of municipal police, requirements, the rights and duties. The same article establishes that the staff of municipal police serves in a uniform. Samples of a uniform of the employee of municipal police are approved by the regulatory legal act of the Government of the Russian Federation, and signs of distinction the regulatory legal act of local governments of the municipal unit. The bill assumes that the uniform will be completely identical to a uniform of divisions of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation samples of which are approved by the Resolution of the Government of the Russian Federation of 13.10.2011 No. 835. Signs of distinction have to be identical to signs of distinction of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation in a form, but differ according to contents, in a part:
- "POLICE" it is replaced on "MUNICIPAL POLICE";
- Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation is replaced with the full legal name of the municipal unit, for example "The city district the city of Surgut";
- the coat of arms of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation is replaced with a flag of the municipal unit;
- symbolics of departmental divisions of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation on symbolics (coat of arms) of municipal police.
Article 26 of the bill provides presence at the staff of municipal police of special ranks, their quantity is less than in the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation, there is no ordinary structure and the highest command structure, there is also no part of ranks at other structures. It is connected with simpler in comparison with the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation the staff list of municipal police.
Article 27 of the bill establishes the main functions of the employee of municipal police regarding necessary knowledge, respecting the rule of law and subordination, the internal labor schedule, declaring of income. Also Part 2 is offered to the employee of municipal police given articles assistance to citizens at any time and in any place in borders of the municipal unit irrespective of, on service he at present or not.
Article 28 of the bill defines the basic rights of staff of municipal police connected with service. The rights for providing necessary conditions of service, acquaintance with, the normal duration of working hours, compensation, providing the property with all types, protection of personal data, promotion, obligatory insurance, the state protection regulating its activity of the NPA it and the families, provision of pensions and other rights guaranteed by the legislation are guaranteed to the employee of municipal police.
Article 29 of the bill defines the main guarantees of legal protection of the employee of municipal police. The bill guarantees to the employee of municipal police protection of the law and the state when performing of official duties by it. Defines an order of its submission when performing official duties, the list of officials to which he is subordinated, protection against coercion to performance of orders keeping of whom obviously contradicts the legislation of the Russian Federation. Establishes that legal requirements of the employee of municipal police are obligatory for performance by citizens and officials. Hindrance to performance by the employee of municipal police of official duties, insult of the employee of municipal police, rendering resistance to it, violence or threat of use of violence in relation to the employee of municipal police in connection with performance of official duties by it or failure to follow legal requirements of the employee of municipal police attracts the responsibility provided by the legislation of the Russian Federation.
Also article establishes guarantees of the state protection of life and health, honor and dignity of the employee of municipal police and members of his family and also the property belonging to it and members of his family, from criminal encroachments in connection with performance of official duties is carried out in the order established by the legislation of the Russian Federation. In addition measures of the state protection are applied also to close relatives of the employee of municipal police, and in exceptional cases - to other persons on whose life, health and property is made encroachment for hindrance of lawful activity of the employee of municipal police or coercion to change of its character and also from revenge for the specified activity.
Article 30 of the bill establishes a possibility of involvement of the employee of municipal police to disciplinary and to other forms of responsibility for non-compliance with restrictions and the bans, requirements about prevention or about settlement of conflicting interests and non-execution of the duties established for anti-corruption.
Article 31 of the bill establishes the right of staff of municipal police for association in labor unions (associations).
Article 32 of the bill establishes responsibility of the employee of municipal police for his actions (inaction), for made to them orders and orders and also for the damage brought by these actions (inaction).
In Chapter 7 of the bill "Service in Municipal Police"
questions of service in divisions of municipal police are explained. Proceeding from contents of Article 33 of the bill they treat the regulations of the Government of the Russian Federation and local governments regulating the matters that means creation as the uniform statutory act approved by the Resolution of the Government of the Russian Federation of "The provision on a service order in municipal police".
In Chapter 8 of the bill "Guarantees of Social Protection of the Employee of Municipal Police"
the bill establishes that compensation of staff of municipal police is established in the form of monetary pay. Providing the employee of municipal police with monetary pay is carried out on conditions and as it should be, provided by the legislation of the Russian Federation. The concrete sizes of official salaries, other additional and stimulating payments are established by local governments of the municipal unit which part the division of municipal police is.
Article 35 of the bill establishes that all guarantees and compensations by the provided Federal law of the Russian Federation "About Municipal Service" extend to employees and employees of municipal police. In addition for employees and employees of municipal police local governments of the municipal unit a part of which the division of municipal police is additional guarantees and compensations can be established. The specified additional guarantees and compensations are established by regulations of local governments of the municipal unit, conditions of contracts on service in municipal police, collective agreements and agreements.
In Chapter 9 of the bill "Financial and Material Support of Activity of Municipal Police"
the bill establishes that financial and material support of activity of municipal police, including guarantees of social protection of staff of municipal police, the payments and compensations provided (paid) staff of municipal police, members their families and to the persons which are in their dependence according to the legislation of the Russian Federation is provided at the expense of budget funds of the municipal unit a part of which the division of municipal police is. In Chapter 10 of the bill "Control and Supervision of Activity of Municipal Police"
the bill provides the following types of control of activity of municipal police: 1. Public control – provides control of activity of municipal police from citizens and public organizations, by creation of public councils and commissions. Control of activity of municipal police from outside by Public chamber of the Russian Federation, and public chambers of territorial subjects of the Russian Federation is in addition provided.
2. Judicial control and supervision - provides supervision of activity of municipal police are carried out according to federal constitutional laws and federal laws.
3. Public prosecutor's supervision – provides supervision of performance of laws by municipal police bodies of prosecutor's office of the Russian Federation according to the powers conferred by the legislation of the Russian Federation exercise.
In addition the bill provides that the actions (inaction) of the employee of municipal police violating the rights and legitimate interests of the citizen, the public and municipal authority, public association, religious and other organization can be appealed in bodies of prosecutor's office of the Russian Federation or in court.
In Chapter 11 of the bill "Final provisions"
In a final part the bill provides the stage-by-stage introduction of the law in force:
1) in the territory of municipal units which list is established by the Decree of the President of the Russian Federation, in 10 days from the moment of his official publication;
2) in all territory of the Russian Federation, in 3 years from the moment of its official publication.
It is necessary for development of the effective mechanism of implementation of the law across all territory of Russia. Initially several municipal units where as an experiment the law comes into force are defined by the Decree of the President and its realization begins local governments. Within three years results of its realization are considered, legal gaps come to light, the relevant amendments as are made to the law and regulations of the Government of the Russian Federation and local governments accompanying it.
As the result in 3 years the law and a package of the accompanying regulations will be finished taking into account practice of its application within three years, the majority of problem points will be eliminated, operating are finished and missing regulations are adopted. Taking into account the above-mentioned the detailed mechanism of implementation of the law will be developed.

6. Forecast of possible social and economic and (or) other consequences of adoption of the new law.

Пadoption of the bill and creation in municipal units (especially those where high crime rate) divisions of municipal police:
- will give to local governments opportunity of implementation of the right affirmed by Article 132 of the Constitution of the Russian Federation;
- considerably will reduce the number of the crimes committed on streets and in other public places, and such crimes and incidents as a rule cause the greatest resonance in society;
- considerably will increase solvability of crimes "Without delay";
- considerably will reduce time of rapid response to messages of citizens about crimes, administrative offenses and other incidents;
- will strengthen legality and law and order.
Increase in number of police patrols on streets and in other public places especially there where before them was very little and increase in speed of reaction of police at messages and addresses of citizens will be led to increase in level of credibility of citizens to police.
Not less important result will be also the fact that citizens will feel in bigger safety on streets and in public places that in itself is seriously reduced by so-called "degree of tension in society". Also the quantity of the facts of destruction and damage of municipal property and other property of the improvement of the cities, objects of historical heritage which is elements, cultural and sports назначения* will decrease.
In addition due to strengthening of control the death rate and traumatism, including road and transport will decrease. It is provided due to performance of the tasks assigned to municipal police, on the maximum openness of its activity. Not reserved, and on the contrary demonstrative designation of the presence on streets and in other public places and also highways, near places of concentration of road accident, thereby stopping intentions of individuals to commit crime or administrative offense, and in case of its commission immediately reacting.
Creation of municipal police will allow to unload considerably the staff of territorial divisions of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation who is almost constantly forced to work in the strengthened option that affects both quality of their work, and their relation to service.
In general creation of such institute as municipal police has to bring closer law-enforcement activity to needs of citizens and residents of concrete municipal units considerably.
Through municipal police new communication channels of society and law enforcement agencies can be open. There will be a possibility of creation of the conditions for realization of strategy of social partnership assuming a situation of mutual understanding, trust, mutual support and cooperation. All this will promote growth of legal activity of people, and finally - to increase in efficiency of functioning of all law-enforcement system of society.

* architecture monuments, green plantings, beds, lawns, shops, sculptures, lighting elements, decorative coverings, sports grounds, children's towns, etc.)

7. Сosts of the federal budget of implementation of the bill

Implementation of the bill will not demand financing from means of the federal budget.
In addition, implementation of the bill will even allow to save means of the federal budget, having partially lowered expenses of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation. Now in the majority of municipal units there are no separate specialized divisions of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation on ensuring public order on actions with mass stay of citizens, in communication with what the order when holding such actions is provided by the staff of various divisions of Territorial Offices and Departments of MIA of Russia (district police officers, field investigators, the staff of patrol and on point duty and security and convoy services, the juvenile officer and even personnel and services of providing). Almost all similar events are held in days off and holidays. In addition the strengthened service option is systematically entered. Respectively employees are involved over the established duration of working hours in the large volume often considerably exceeding the established norms. Respectively large sums, often even not budgeted are spent for payment of compensations for overtime work and for acquisition of additional fuel for office motor transport.
Creation in municipal units of divisions of municipal police will allow if not completely, then in large part to cut down for the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation these expenses due to ensuring by own efforts public order on the main part of actions with mass stay of citizens and increases at the expense of the dresses of density of patrol of streets and other public places.

It is evident to compare the rights and powers of Municipal police and the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation you can in Appendix No. 1 to the Explanatory note.



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ATTENTION
the text is translated by means of technical means of the translation
original language of the text – Russian
some words and phrases can be translated not correctly and not correspond to original sense


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